California’s entertainment industry offers minors various opportunities to showcase their talents and skills. However, to ensure the safety and welfare of these young performers, the state has established strict regulations regarding the work permit for minor in California. This comprehensive guide will highlight the essential aspects of obtaining a work permit for minors in California, including registration, application, and compliance with the state’s child labor laws.
Work Permit for Minor in California
Any minor working in the entertainment industry in California must obtain a work permit. These permits are required for various activities, including motion pictures, television, photography, modeling, theatrical productions, commercials, ADR, and musical performances. The work permit ensures that minors are protected from exploitation and can perform in a safe, nurturing environment.
Entertainment Industry Sexual Harassment Prevention Training Requirements
As of January 1, 2019, all talent agencies in California must provide their artists with educational materials on sexual harassment prevention, retaliation, reporting resources, nutrition, and eating disorders. Applicants for entertainment work permits for minors aged 14 to 17 must complete sexual harassment prevention training before obtaining a work permit.
More information on sexual harassment prevention training requirements in the entertainment industry
Registration and Application Process
There are two types of work permits for minors in California:
- 10-day permit: First-time applicants may obtain this temporary work permit online. The fee is $50.00. This type of permit is not eligible for renewal applications or minors between the ages of 16 and 17.
- 6-month permit: Applicants may register or renew every six months free of charge.
To obtain a work permit for a minor in California, follow these steps:
- Review the procedures needed to obtain an entertainment work permit.
- Complete the new application or renew your existing registration online or by mail.
Effective March 2, 2020, work permit applications dropped off in person at the CA Division of Labor Standards Enforcement require a letter from the production company or audition entity for same-day service.
The letter must be written on company letterhead and include the following:
- Name of minor
- Date(s) the minor will be working or auditioning
- The production company or audition entity must sign and date the letter
Applications with valid proof for an upcoming job will be expedited, and permits will be issued at least three days before the scheduled job and sent to the email address on file.
Non-urgent applications submitted in person will be processed in the order received.
Hours of Work and Rest for Minors
California child labor laws set specific limits on the hours of work and rest for minors in the entertainment industry. These limits vary depending on the minor’s age and whether or not the school is in session:
- Infants (15 days old to 6 months old): Maximum of 2 hours at the place of employment, with up to 20 minutes of work per day. Not to be exposed to light greater than 100 foot-candle intensity for more than 30 seconds at a time. A nurse and a studio teacher must be provided for specific ratios of infants.
- Toddlers (6 months old to 2 years old): Maximum of 4 hours at the place of employment, with up to 2 hours of work per day. The remaining time must be spent on rest and recreation.
- Young Children (2 to 6 years old): Maximum of 6 hours at the place of employment, with up to 3 hours of work per day. The remaining time must be spent on rest, recreation, and education.
- Children (6 to 9 years old): Maximum of 8 hours at the place of employment, with different work hour limits depending on school session status. At least 1 hour must be spent on rest and recreation.
- Preteens (9 to 16 years old): Maximum of 9 hours at the place of employment, with different work hour limits depending on school session status. At least 1 hour must be spent on rest and recreation.
- Teenagers (16 to 18 years old): Maximum of 10 hours at the place of employment, with different work hour limits depending on school session status. At least 1 hour must be spent on rest and recreation.
Employers may request a variance from the Labor Commissioner to allow a minor to work beyond these permissible hours in emergencies. However, this request must be submitted 48 hours before the required time.
Daily Work Time for Infants
Under California child labor laws, infants under six (6) months may only work between 9:30 a.m. and 11:30 a.m. or between 2:30 p.m. and 4:30 p.m.
Meal Breaks and Work Time
Entertainment industry employers may extend the hours of work listed above for youth for up to 1/2 hour per day to provide a meal break. The Time minors spend at home on make-up and hairdressing with the assistance of a make-up person or hairdresser counts as work time. Additionally, make-up persons and hairdressers may not begin work on minors before 8:30 a.m.
Additional documentation is required for home-schooled minors seeking a work permit for minors in California. This documentation ensures that these minors comply with the state’s educational requirements.
California Child Labor Laws
California child labor laws allow youth of almost any age to work within the entertainment industry subject to several limitations and restrictions. These limitations and restrictions on child labor in California in the entertainment industry are designed to protect minors’ health, safety, and well-being while working.
For more information about California child labor laws, visit California Child Labor Laws.
Contact and Additional Resources
For more information or assistance regarding work permits for minors in California, you may contact the following:
Email (Recommended): [email protected]
Contact SpotOn Teaching for a free consultation or quote for additional assistance with education and tutoring services. Their team of experienced educators can help ensure that your child maintains satisfactory academic progress while working in the entertainment industry.
In conclusion, obtaining a work permit for a minor in California is crucial for young performers looking to enter the entertainment industry. By adhering to the state’s regulations and requirements, parents and guardians can ensure their children have a safe and rewarding experience while pursuing their dreams.